Form I-130 Processing Time for Your Spouse

Form I-130 closeup

This I-130 Form is an immigrant petition that a U.S. citizen or permanent resident files to sponsor a family member or spouse for a U.S. green card. 

Form I-130 is also known as Petition for Alien Relatives, and it is the first step in the family-based green card process. If you are filling out a marriage visa, it shows that your marriage is legally valid based on a marriage certificate.

Processing time of forms I-130 varies on the family relationship and the USCIS field office that accepts your application and form. For close family members of the permanent resident of the U.S, it will take 13.5 to 19 months to process the form. As for 2020, this processing time was an average of 15-20 months.

For more details, keep reading this article. Because we have listed all the essential information that can be helpful if you are going to submit the Form I-130 for your spouse or immediate family members.

How long does it take to bring a spouse to the U.S?

If the applicant is an American citizen or a lawful permanent resident of the U.S and marries someone from another country, this question normally comes to mind.

As we all know, a United States naturalization or lawful permanent resident who is a green card holder can bring their family member like a spouse to the U.S. and sponsor their green card as long as processing time depends on your circumstances, such as type of visa, clarification of documents, and submission of Form i-130.

If you are not yet married or legally married but living outside the U.S., the process can be complicated. For this, it is recommended to consult with the immigration professional who can guide you on what needs to be prepared before.

What happens after filing Form I-130?

Filing Form I-130 is the first step in obtaining a green card in the U.S. If you are a legal resident of the United States, you can file it to establish a qualifying relationship with an intending immigrant. 

Although this process looks pretty consistent, the processing time of Form i-130 is significantly based on the type of connection between the beneficiary and petitioner. Other factors like USCIS caseload and accuracy of filing I-130 petitions also matter.

When you file this form, officers of USCIS receive the petition, and it will take 2-3 weeks approximately when you receive the Notice of Action. If there is an issue with your petition and it needs revision, USCIS will send a notice of action to dismiss the petition or request evidence, which means you have to submit extra documents.

After this, USCIS reviews the petition and approves immediate relatives approximately 5-12 months after filing. Approval for a family member in the preference category takes more time, about six months to 20+ years after filing. Please get started sooner on your I-130 application.

➡LEARN MORE: Can I Sponsor a Non-Family Member as an Immigrant?

Cost for Form I-130

According to the government, the filing fee for Form i-130 is currently $535. You can pay this fee through credit card, cash, or via check using G-1450.

Make sure to consult with an experienced immigration attorney to review your green card application and answer all your questions for no extra cost. Because if there is any problem with your Form I-130, you have to pay again for the fee charges and application form that can be problematic for you.